The pen is mightier than the sword.
I'm working on a short story so today I'm reading:
How to Write Short Stories
by Sharon Sorenson
It's a great to the point book. Right now the chapter on description and figures of speech has captured my attention.
A figure of speech is a change from the ordinary manner of expression, using words in other than their literal sense to enhance the way a thought is expressed.
hyperbole: An exaggeration of a statement not meant to be taken literally
ie:"He's been teaching that class for a hundred years."
metaphor: Stating one entity is another for the purpose of comparing them in quality; implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common
ie: •"Men's words are bullets, that their enemies take up and make use of against them." (George Savile, Maxims of State)
alliteration: A series of words that begin with the same letter or sound alike, repetition of a beginning sound in two or more words of a phrase
ie:world wide web
simile: A comparison between two things using like or as
ie: poor as dirt
There are many more these are just a few examples to help with description.